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Scientific Names in Honor of John Muir


Minerals

Muirite

Muirite

Muirite is an orange-colored mineral, with a vitreous luster, in the silicate family. Muirite crystallizes in the tetragonal crystal system as tetragonal crystal or as grains. It is found in metamorphic rock in Fresno County, California.

The type locality is:

Big Creek / Rush Creek sanbornite deposit near Trimmer, Fresno County, Calif.

Its chemical composition is:

Ba10Ca2MnTiSi10O30(OH,Cl,F)10

Read more about Muirite.


Plants

Erigeron muirii

[Erigeron muirii photo]

Muir's Fleabane, Erigeron muirii, is a daisy-like member of the aster family, named by famed Harvard botanist Asa Gray. Gray classified this species from a sample sent to him from Alaska by John Muir. Muir discovered the plant near Cape Thompson in northwestern Alaska.

(The family Asteraceae was formerly called the Compositae.)

Read more about Muir's Fleabane.

Erigeron Muirii, sketch by John Muir

Sketch by John Muir


Ivesia muirii
Granite Mousetail

Photo copyright (c) 1987 by  Gary A. Monroe

Photo Copyright © 1987 Gary A. Monroe
CalPhotos - Berkeley Digital Library Project

View large photo and more information about Ivesia muirii. (Off-site link).

This member of the Rose family is found in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California.

John Muir sent the type specimen of this flower from Yosemite to Asa Gray on February 22nd, 1873, writing, "Here are a few plants which I wish you would name for me." In reply, Gray wrote, "If you will keep botanizing in the High Sierra," he wrote, "you will find curious and new things, no doubt. One such, at least, is in your present collection in letter - the wee mouse-tail Ivesia ... Ivesia Muirii [sic] is the first fruit--'the day of small things.'

Read Muir's letter to Asa Gray.


Raillardiopsis muirii
Muir's Tarweed

Raillardiopsis muirii - Photo copyright by Gerald D. Carr

Photo Copyright © by Gerald D. Carr. Used by permission.

According to Bruce G. Baldwin, Curator of the Jepson Herbarium, the genus name Raillardiopsis has been abandoned and this species has been re-named Carlquistia muirii. See Review of Name Changes in California Tarweeds.

California Digital Library R. muirii page - View another photo and more information about Muir's Tarweed. (Off-site link)

This member of the Asteraceae family is found in Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Parks.

For more photos and species background, see Carlquisitia muirii page at University of Hawaii.


Animals

Trogolodytes troglodytes muiri

Winter Wren - Troglodytes troglodytes, photo by Deanna Dawson, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Winter Wren Photo by Deanna Dawson, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

Muir's Winter Wren is a sub-species of Winter Wren that ranges coastally from southwest Oregon through Marin County, California.

"The first bird named in honor of John Muir, whose life's work of conservation has helped protect the redwood habitat of this wren."

Read more about Muir's Winter Wren.


Ochotona princeps muirii

A pika sub-species found in Yosemite National Park, sometimes known as the Yosemite cony. This sub-species was originally identified and named by Joseph Grinnell and Tracy Storer in the early Twentieth Century. The type locality is Ten Lakes, Yosemite National Park.


Thecla muirii

A butterfly found in the Sierra Nevada, one of several new species of butterflies collected by Muir. The species was named by actor-entomologist Henry Edwards, who wrote,

"I have named this exquisite little species after my friend John Muir, so well known for his researches into the geology of the Sierra Nevada, who has frequently added rare and interesting species to my collection." - Papilio , vol., 1, p. 54 (1881)


Amplaria muiri

An arthropod, a milliped, one of several new species found in caves in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California.

Amplaria muiri thumbnail by Dr. Jean K. Krejka

Photo © by Dr. Jean K. Krejca.

The new species was described by Dr. Shear and Dr. Krejca, who noted that it was named:

"After John Muir, famous naturalist of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, whose name is forever connected with the Sierra Nevada, which he called the 'Range of Light'."

 

Read more about Amplaria muiri.


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