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Index


A

Alaska, glacial action, 174
Alpenglow, 6
American River, 127
Anderson, George, his ascent of South Dome, 166, 167
Antarctica, glacial action, 174
Ascent of the Valley, 23
Autumn in the Valley, 156
Avalanche Cañon, 224
Avalanche taluses, origin of, 76, 79
Avalanches,
    After snow storm, 63
    Annual, 64
    Century, 64
    Ride on an avalanche, 65
Azaleas, 152

B

Big Oak Flat road, 199, 200, 225, 249
Big Trees (Sequoia gigantea), 127, 225
    Age of, 129, 130, 136
    Bark, 133
    Calaveras grove, 129, 130
    Cones, 133
    Crown, 134
    Destruction by man, 145, 146
    Distribution, 135, 138, 142, 144
    Extent of grove belts, 127, 143
    Extinction 138, 145
    Fallen specimens, 136
    Flowers, 133
    Foliage, 132
    Form, 131, 132
    Fresno grove, 128, 146, 246
    Historic ditches and rootbowls, 137
    Kings River forest, 130, 131
    Largest tree in Kings River forest, 129
    Lightning effects, 145
    Majesty, 131, 133
    Mariposa grove, 128, 146, 225, 241, 245
    Merced grove, 146, 225
    Northern groves, 128
    Post-glacial day of the species, 144
    Proportions, 130, 132
    Protection of Federal Government, 146
    Relations to climate, soil and other trees, 138
    Seeds, 134
    Sequoia National Park, 128
    Service to mankind, 147
    Size of full-grown trees, 129
    Streams created by the sequoias, 140
    Tuolumne grove, 146, 225
Big Tuolumne Cañon, 16
    Early trip through, from Hetch Hetchy Valley, 241
    Trip down the Cañon, 220
Big Tuolumne Cascades, 221
Big Tuolumne Meadows, 180
Birds, 158
Bloom-months of the year, 156
Boling, Major, his efforts to capture Yosemite Indians, 231
Bridal Veil Creek, 18
Bridal Veil Fall, 10
    Rainbows, 38, 223
    Winds, fall greatly influenced by, 51
Brocken Specter, 169
Bronson Meadows, 249
Budd Creek crossing, 208
Bunell, Dr., named the Yosemite Valley, 231

C

Calaveras grove of Big Trees, 129, 130
Cañons
    Characteristics of, 6
    Depth of, 6 Upper, 14
    See also their names
Cascade Creek Falls, 35
Cathedral Lake, 209
Cathedral Rocks, 13
    Excursion to, 208, 221
Caucasus mountains, glacial action, 174
Ceanothus, 151
Cedar of Lebanon on moraine of ancient glacier, 94
Cedar trees. See Trees Cemetery, Yosemite, 247
Central Valley of California, general view of, 5
Clark, Galen, 240
    Daring and skill as a mountaineer, 243
    Fresno Big Tree grove discovered by, 246
    Guardian of the Valley, 241
    Life prolonged by mountain air, 247
    Mariposa Big Tree grove, the first to explore, 245
    Personality, 246
    Tree-lover, 247
    Wawona cabin, 240
Clark, Mount, 207
Climate and weather, 42
    Difference between north and south sides, 43
    Snow, the first of the season, 44
    Spring thaw, 44
    Temperatures, 43
    Winter beauty, 45
    Winter storms, 51
Clouds' Rest, 15
    Avalanche, annual, 64
    Excursion to, 201, 203, 208
Clouds' Rest trail, 189, 208
Comet forms of Yosemite Fall, 28, 29, 57
Conness, Mount, 16, 181, 210
Conway, John, his effort to reach summit of South Dome, 167
Coulterville, 240
Coulterville road, 225
Crane Flat, 249
Crows, Clarke's, 159
Cunningham, S. M., 235
Cypripedium, 149

D

Dana Glacier, 208, 216
Dana, Mount, 16, 180, 207
    Excursion to top, 208, 214
    Views from summit, 215
Deer Creek, 127
Dog Lake, 222
Dogwood trees, 91
Dome Cascades, 15
Douglas Spruce (Pseudotsuga Douglasii), largest specimens, 88, 105
Ducks, 161
Dwarf Pine, or White Bark Pine (Pinus albicaulis), 122

E

Eagle Rock, 79
    Excursion to, 199, 200
Eagles, golden, 162, 164
Earthquake storms, 76
El Capitan Rock, 12
    Excursion to, 199, 200
    Snow avalanches, 63
El Portal, 226, 236
Eleanor Lake and San Francisco's destructive water supply scheme, 257
Emerald Pool, 31, 32
Excursions
    One-day, 196, 199
    Three-day, 207
    Tuolumne Valley, Upper, 209
    Two-day, 201, 204
    Various short trips, 222

F

Fairview Dome
    Character of, 179
    Excursion to, 221
    Views from summit, 178, 180
Falls
    Bridal Veil, 10, 38, 51, 223
    Cascade Creek, 35
    Illilouette, 196, 198, 204
    Nevada, 30, 31, 57, 196, 198, 201, 203
    Royal Arch, 35, 37
    Tamarack Creek, 35
    Tenaya, 15, 35, 37, 89
    Tueenlala, 250
    Vernal, 17, 32, 38, 196, 199, 201, 203, 223
    Wapama, 252 Winter storms, effects of, 57
    Yosemite, 13, 14, 21-23, 28, 29, 38, 40, 51, 57, 188, 195
    Yosemite Gorge, 35
Fern Ledge, 28, 47
    Best point to observe lunar rainbows, 39, 40
Ferns, 153
Floods
    An extraordinary, 53
    Great flood of 1867, 239
Flowers, 148
    Autumn in the Valley, 156
    Azalea, 151, 152
    Bloom-months, 156
    Ceanothus, 151, 152
    Common plants, 148
    Cypripedium, 149
    Habenaria, 149
    Lilies, 149
    Manzanita, 151
    Orchids, 149
    Primrose, wild, only one in California, 149
    Shrubs, 151
    Snow planet, 149
    Washington lily, most fragrant of Valley flowers, 150
Forests. See Trees
Fresno grove of Big Trees, 128, 146, 246

G

Geese, 161
General Grant National Park, 146
Gibbs, Mount, 181
Glacial monuments of Sierra finer than in any other country 173
Glacial Period, 26, 174
Glacier Point 14, 31
    Excursion to, 196
    Views from, 196
Glacier Point trail, 23
Glaciers
    Ancient, 173
    Dana, 208, 216
    Discovery of the Sierra glaciers, 204, 206
    Early conditions in the Sierra, 174, 177, 179, 183
    First river-like glaciers, 175
    Hetch Hetchy Valley, 181
    Hoffman, 182, 184, 185, 186
    Illilouette, 182, 190, 193, 204
    Indian Cañon, 182
    Lyell, 219, 244
    McClure, 219, 244
    Merced, 182
    Nevada, 187, 189
    Pohono, 182
    Polished pavements most striking phenomena, 175
    Present glaciers among peaks of High Sierra, 173
    Sentinel, 182
    South Lyell, 182
    Tenaya, 181, 185, 186
    Tuolumne, 179, 181, 182, 186, 219
    Yosemite Creek, 182, 183, 185
Gorge between Upper and Lower Falls, 35, 36
    Rainbows, 39
Gray Mountain, 207
Greenland, glacial action, 174

H

Habenaria, 149
Half Dome, 15, 34, 185
Hetch Hetchy Valley, 220 221, 249
    Correspondence to Yosemite Valley, 253
    Destructive commercial scheme for San Francisco water supply, 257
    Discovery, 249
    Flowers, 254
    Kolana Mountain, 250
    Location, 249
    Trees, 254
    Tueeulala Fall, 250
    "Tuolumne Yosemite," 249
    Wapama Fall, 252
Hetch Hetchy Valley Glacier, 181
Himalaya mountains, glacial action, 174
History of the Valley, early, 226
Hite, G. A., 235
Hoffman Glacier, 182, 184, 185, 186
Hoffman, Mount, 18, 20, 21, 180
    Excursion to, 201, 210
    Views from summit, 202 203
Hotels, early, 235
Houses first built in Yosemite Valley, 235
Humming-birds, 158
Hutchings, J. M., visited Valley in 1855, 235
Hutchings Bridge, 56
Hutchings Hotel, 81

I

Ice cone
    Dimensions, 50
    Exploring a cone, 47
    Formation of, 47, 48
Illilouette Cañon, 14
Illilouette Fall
    Excursion to, 196, 198, 204
    Fineness and richness of texture, 33
    Inaccessibility, 14
    Resembles the Nevada Fall, 33
    Sunlight on falling water, fine effect of, 34
Illilouette Glacier, 182, 190, 193, 204
Incense Cedar (Libocedrus decurrens), 87, 107
Indian Glacier, 182
Indians, 96, 177
    Fear of earthquakes, 81
    Mono tribe, 229, 233
    Paute tribe, 234
    Tuolumne tribe, 229
    Yosemite tribe, efforts to capture, 226, 231
Inspiration Point, 223
Inyo earthquake, 79

J

Jays, Steller's, 159, 164
Jeffrey variety of the Yellow Pine, 103
Junco or snow-bird, 159
Juniper, or Red Cedar (Juniperus occidentalis), 117

K

Kaweah River, 127
Keith, William, 259
Kern glacier, 194
Kingfishers, 161
Kings River, 127
Kings River forest of Big Trees, 130, 131
Kings River Glacier, 194
Kolana Mountain, 250

L

Laces of Bridal Veil and Nevada Falls, 57
Lakes, glacier, number of, in the Upper Cañons, 18
Lambert Dome, excursion to, 221
Lamon
    Burial place, 239
    Personality, 239
    Pioneer settler in the Valley, 237
    Winter cabin, 84, 239
Liberty Cap
    Excursion to, 196, 198
    Views from, 198
Life prolonged by mountain air, 247
Lilies, 149, 150
Little Yosemite Valley, 17
Longhurst, Mr., 235
Lyell Glacier, 219, 244
Lyell, Mount, 16, 17, 181
    Excursion to, 217
    Views from summit, 218

M

McClure Glacier, 219, 244
McClure, Mount, 181
Mann Brothers, 235
Manzanita, 151
Maple Trees, 91
Marble Creek, 128
Mariposa grove of Big Trees, 128, 146, 225, 241, 245
Mariposa trail, 240
May Lake, excursion to, 201, 203
Merced, 9, 236
Merced Glacier, 182
Merced grove of Big Trees, 146, 225
Merced Group, 197 Merced Mountain, 197, 204
Merced River, 7, 8, 16, 17, 20, 67
Merced River Cañon, 236
Mirror Lake, 15
    Excursion to, 222
Mono Desert, 208
Mono Lake, 16, 215, 219
Mono trail, 20
Moore, Lieutenant, his effort to capture Yosemite Indians, 233
Moraines
    Ancient, indicated by forests, 94, 95
    Illilouette Glacier, 191, 193, 204
    Nevada Glacier, 189
Mountain Hemlock (Tsuga Mertensiana), 120
Mountain landscapes, formation of, 18
Mountain Pine (Pinus monticola), 115
Muir Gorge, 242

N

Neal, J. H., 235
Nevada Cañon, 14
Nevada Fall
    Excursion to, 196, 198, 201, 203
    Height 30
    Laces of, 57
    Near view, 31
    Ranks next to Yosemite Fall in interest, 30
    Whitest of all falls, 31
Nevada Glacier, 187, 189
Nevada Valley, 17
North Dome, 14, 15, 185
Norway, glacial action, 174
Nut Pine (Pinus attenuata), 96
Nut Pine (Pinus monophylla), 125
Nut Pine (Pinus Sabiniana), 95

O

Oaks. See Trees
Onion, species of, on summit of South Dome, 171
Orchids,
Ouzel, 158
    Appearance, 160
    Diving, 160

P

Pacheco Pass, 5
Pavements, polished glacier 175
Peek, Mr., 235
Pigeons, 161
Pine tree music, 104
Pine Trees. See Trees
Pohono basin, 18
Pohono Glacier, 182
Polished glacier pavements, 175
Poplar (Populus trichocarpa), 91
Porcupine Flat, 201
Primrose, wild, only one in California, 149
Pyweak, Indian name of Lake Tenaya, 177

R

Railroad from Merced to border of Park, 236
Rainbows
    Beauty of, 11, 38, 223
    Best point to observe lunar, 39
    Lunar, 39
Range of Light, the Sierra Nevada Mountains, 5
Raymond and Wawona road, 225
Red Cedar (Juniperus occidentalis), 90, 117
Red Fir (Abies Magnifica), 108
Red Mountain, 205
    Views from summit, 207
Ribbon Creek Basin, excursion to, 199, 200
Ribbon Fall, 12
    Excursion to, 199, 200
Ritter, Mount, 16
Rivers, 67, 127
Robins, 158, 160, 163
Royal Arch Fall, 35, 37
Royal Arches, 14, 197

S

San Francisco's destructive water supply scheme in the Hetch Hetchy Valley, 257
San Joaquin Glacier, 194
Santa Clara Valley, 4
Savage, Major, his efforts to capture the Yosemite Indians, 226
Screech, Joseph, said to have discovered Hetch Hetchy Valley, 249
Sentinel Cascades, 35, 37
Sentinel Glacier, 182
Sentinel Rock, 13
    Excursion to, 196
    Views from summit, 197
Sequoia National Park, 128. 146
Shadows, mountain forms and snow banners, 75
Shrubs, 151
Sierra Cathedral, 16
Sierra Nevada Mountains
    Distant view of, 5
    Range of Light, 5
Silver Fir (Abies concolor), 90, 108
Silver Fir (Abies magnifica), 108
Snow
    First of the season, 44
    Indian-summer, 45
Snow banners, 70
    Formation, 75
    General view, 73, 74
    Perfect seldom pro produced, 71
Snow-bird, 159
Snow plant, much admired by tourists, 149
Snow storms, 61
Soda Springs, 17, 208, 210, 213
South Dome, 166
    Anderson gained summit in 1875, 166, 167
    Ascent of, in November, 168
    Conway, John, his effort to reach the summit, 167
    Glacial hieroglyphics, 172
    Inaccessibility, 166
    Most sublime feature of all Yosemite views, 171
    Onion, species of, on summit, 171
    Saddle, 166 169
    Vegetation on summit, 170
    Views from summit of, 16!),
South Lyell Glacier, 182
Specter of the Brocken, 169
Spring floods, 51
Spring thaw, 44
Starr King, 171, 192, 197
Steller's jays, 159, 164
Storms, 51, 61, 76
Streams created by sequoias, 140
Sugar Pine (Pinus Lambertina), king of pine trees, 97
Sunlight on falling water, fine effect of, at Illilouette Fall, 34
Sunrise from top of Mounts Hoffman and Dana, 203, 208
Sunrise trail, 208
Switzerland, glacial action, 174

T

Taluses, avalanche, origin of, 76, 79
Tamarack Creek Falls, 35 Temperatures, 43
Tenaya, Yosemite Indian chief, 13, 227, 232, 235
Tenaya Cañon, 14, 15, 37
Tenaya Cascade, 15, 35
Tenaya Creek, 37
Tenaya Fall, 15, 35, 37, 89
Tenaya Glacier, 181, 185, 186
Tenaya Lake, 16, 177, 207
Excursion to, 201, 203, 207, 210
Three Brothers Mountain, 13
Tioga wagon-road, 201, 207, 208
Tissiack or Half Dome, most beautiful of Yosemite rocks, 14
Tourists to the Valley, number, 237
Trees
    Arrangement indicates ancient moraines, 94, 95
    Big Tree (Sequoia gigantea), 127, 225
    California live-oak (Quercus agrifolia), 89
    California Nutmeg (Torreya californica), 92
    Climbing the Yellow Pine in wind storms, 87
    Distribution, general order of, 93, 94
    Dogwood, 91
    Douglas Spruce (Pseudotsuga Douglasii), 88, 105
    Dwarf Pine, or White trite Bark Pine (Pinus albicaulis), 122
    Forest trees in general, 93
    Incense Cedar (Libocedrus decurrens), 87, 107
    Jeffrey variety of the Yellow Pine, 103
    Juniper, or Red Cedar (Juniperus occidentalis),
    Maples, 91
    Mountain Hemlock (Tsuga Mertensiana), 120
    Mountain live-oak (Quercus chrysolepis), 89
    Mountain Pine (Pinus monticola), 115
    Nut Pine (Pinus attenuata), 96
    Nut Pine (Pinus monophylla), 125
    Nut Pine (Pinus Sabiniana), 95
    Pines on summit of South Dome, 170
    Popular (Populus trichocarpa), 91
    Red Cedar (Juniperus occidentalis) 90, 117
    Red Fir (Abies magnifica), 108
    Silver Fir (Abies concolor), 90, 108
    Silver Fir (Abies magnifica), 108
    Sugar Pine (Pinus Lambertiana), king of pine trees, 97
    Sugar pines few, 87
    Two-Leaved Pine (Pinus contorta, var. Murrayana), 112
    Valley trees, 87
    Wind music of the Yellow Pine, 104
    Yellow, or Silver, Pine (Pinus ponderosa), 87, 101
    Yosemite Pine, 103
Tueeulala Fall, 250
Tule River, 127
Tuolumne Cañon, 18
Tuolumne Glacier, 179, 181, 182, 186, 219
Tuolumne Glacier Monument, 178
Tuolumne grove of Big Trees, 146, 225
Tuolumne Meadows, 178, 207, 212
Tuolumne River, 16, 180, 211
Tuolumne Valley, 16, 258
    Excursion to Upper, 209
Tuolumne Yosemite, name given to Hetch Hetchy Valley, 249
Two-Leaved Pine (Pinus contorta, var. Murrayana), 112

V

Vernal Fall Approach to, 17
    Excursion to, 196, 199, 201, 203
    Height 32
    Near view of, 32
    Rainbows, 38, 223
    Staid, orderly fall, 32
Virginia Creek trail, 220

W

Wapama Fall, 252
Washington Column, 14
Washington lily, most fragrant of Valley flowers, 150
Waterfall flood, an extraordinary, 53
Water-ouzel. See Ouzel
Watkins, Mount, 15
Watkins trail, 15
Wawona, 225, 240
Weather. See Climate and weather
Wind music of the Yellow Pine, 104
Winds, influence of, on falls, 51
Winter beauty of the Valley, 45
Winter bird life, 159, 163
Winter storms, 51
Woodpeckers, 159, 161

Y

Yellow, or Silver, Pine (Pinus ponderosa), 87, 101
Yosemite Creek
    General views of basin, 19
    Width, depth and average fall, 20
Yosemite Creek Glacier, 182, 183, 185
Yosemite earthquake, 79
Yosemite Fall
    Comet forms, 28, 29, 57
    Excursion to Upper fall, 199
    Formation, effect of Yosemite Creek Glacier, 185
    Grandeur of, 28
    Moon seen through, 40
    Most wonderful of its kind in the world, 14
    Near view, the best, 28
    Rainbows, 38
    Source, 21
    Thunder of, 13, 29
    Unexpected night adventure, 40
    Upper and Lower falls, 23
    Views from above, 22
    Voice, the richest and most powerful, 13, 29
    Winds, influence of, 51
Yosemite Falls trail, 200, 201
Yosemite Glacier, 13, 16, 24
Yosemite Gorge Fall and Cascades, 35
Yosemite National Park, establishment of, 236, 249
Yosemite Valley
    Approach to, 9
    Ascent of the Valley, 23
    Discovery of, 226, 230
    First view: the Bridal Veil, 10
    Formation of, by Glaciers, 173
    General features, 12
    History, early, 226
    Houses first built, 235
    Name, Indian, 231
    Named by Dr. Bunell, 231
    Natural features near, 17
    Situation and size, 7
    Temple, its likeness to, 8
    Tourists, first, 1855, 235
    Tourists, present number, 237
Yosemite Valley railroad from Merced to border of Park, 236



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