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William E. Colby Memorial Library
Sierra Club Bulletin--Subject Index, Q-T

Q R S T

The italicized number is the volume number, following number(s) are the page number(s).

Q

Quail, Mountain (Oreortyx picta), 17, 21; 27, 15

Quarry Peak, 27, 127

Quarter Domes, 25, 47-48

Queets Basin (Olympic N. P.), 9, 152-153

Quenault River (Olympic N.P.), 9, 154-157; ill., 9, 157

Quinn Horse Camp, 12, 64

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R

Rabbit, Snowshoe, 12, 343

Rae Lakes, 7, 182-183; 8, 16-17; 12, 127; map, 3, 136; ill., 6, 102; 7, 183; 8, 10, 16-17, 49, 64, 65, 71; 9, 160, 161; 10, 431; 21, 31; 26, 14-15

Rafferty Creek, 12, 127; ill., 6, 225

Rafferty Peak, 12, 127

Ragged Peak, 30, 94; ill., 10, 289; 17, 15

Rainbow Bridge National Monument (Arizona), 7, 249; 24, 68; 30, 69

Rainbow Falls (Devils Postpile N. M.), 8, 52, 172; 11, 46; ill., 8, 171; 29, 46-47

Rainier, Mt., 1, 109-132; 16, 63-66; ascents, 1, 109-132; 2, 192-193, 227-237; 3, 271-287; 6, 1-6; 9, 310; Camp Muir Shelter Hut, 10, 233; Crater Peak, 1, 124; elevation, 6, 10, 13; 9, 97-98, 189-191; glaciers, 6, 108-114; meteorological observatory, 6, 7-14; naming, 1, 109-110; 6, 12-13, 87-99; Rainier, Mt. (cont.) 9, 95-98; North Peak first ascent, 1, 124; Success Peak, 1, 124; Tacoma-Rainier name controversy, 1, 109-110; 6, 12-13, 87-99; 9, 95-98; Winter, 11, 94-95; ill., 1, 109, 113, 115, 116, 125; 3, 271, 277, 284; 6, 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 21, 108, 110; 7, 170; 9, 82, 83, 95, 98, 285; 11, 9, 96, 97; 16, 62, 63, 66, 67; 28, 78-79; see also Cowlitz Glacier; Gibraltar Rock; Indian Henry's; Klapatchie Park; Liberty Cap; Mount Rainier National Park; Nisqually Glacier; Spray Park; Van Trump Park

Ralston, Mt., ill., 10, 304; 33, 102-103

Rambaud Creek, ill., 11, 180, 197

Rambaud Peak, 12, 127; 19, 95; 27, 106

Ramparts (Canada), 13, 4-9; 14, 3, 22-24; ill., 13, 5, 8; 14, 6, 23, 30, 31, 70, 71, 78

Rancheria Canyon, ill., 3, 161

Rancheria Mountain, 8, 156; 9, 255-256; ill., 27, 78-79

Rappel, 16, 86-88; 25, 96-101; bibliography, 25, 100-101; ill., 16, 87; 25, 102-103; see also Rope technique

Rat, Wood or Trade, 12, 342, 343

Rattlesnake, 2, 182; 12, 9; 18, 38-46; first-aid for rattlesnake bite, 12, 171-172; 18, 44-46

Rattlesnake Creek (Trinity Alps), 21, 15

Rearguard (Canada), ill., 14, 94

Recess Peak, 12, 127; see also Hilgard

Records, see Sierra Club-Registers

Recreational values in the Sierra Nevada, 23, 85-96; see also, Wilderness areas and wilderness preservation

Red Kaweah, 9, 48; 12, 49; ill., 13, 24; see also Kaweah peaks

Red Mountain, 1, 309; see also Pinchot, Mt.

Red Mountain (Yellowstone N. P.), ill., 12, 269

Red Pass, 1, 304

Red Peak (Yosemite N. P.), 8, 25-33; 15, 110; ill., 20, 62-63

Red Slate Mountain, 2, 251-252; 11, 248; 12, 128; ill., 4, 200

Red snow, 5, 174; 6, 167

Red Spur, 2, 189; ill., 4, 302, 304, 306

Red-and-White Mountain, 4, 193-206; 12, 127; 16, 103; ill., 2, 252; 4, 197, 200

Red-berry, see Toyon

Redbud (Cercis occidentalis), 3, 306

Redoubt Peak (Canada), ill., 13, 5; 14, 71

Reds Meadow, 8, 172; 12, 128

Redwood, Coast, see Sequoia sempervirens

Redwood, Dawn, see Metasequoia

Redwood Highway, 16, 28, 31; " Avenue of the Giants, " 25, 106

Redwood Meadow (Sequoia N. P.), ill., 13, 16

Redwood Mountain Big Trees, 25, 107-108

Redwood Reservation Act, 3, 338-339

Redwoods League, see Save-the-Redwoods League

Reflection Crag, 3, 109

Reflection Lake, 1, 192; 4, 281; 12, 128; ill., 8, 14, 15; 30, 62-63

Reforestation, 6, 72; Shasta National Forest, 7, 206-207; Sierra Nevada, 3, 224-229; Tahoe National Forest, 8, 291; see also Forestry; Sequoia gigantea

Registers, see Sierra Club-Registers

Regulation Peak, 12, 128; 17, 4-5; ill., 7, 151; 9, 257; 11, 255

Regulus, see Kinglet

Reinstein, Mt., 12, 128

Relief Creek, ill., 2, 280

Resplendent, Mt. (Canada), 14, 7-9; ill., 10, 277; 14, 11, 35, 42, 79

Return Canyon and Creek, 1, 170-171; 10, 288

Reversed Creek, 12, 128

Rhoda Lake, see Charlotte Lake

Ribbon Fall, 12, 128

Ribes velutinum, 3, 304

Ringtail, 17, 18

Ritter, Mt., 11, 188, 248; 12, 129; 23, 24-27; first ascent, 11, 248; 12, 129; 23, 24; ascents, 1, 67-68; 5, 186-193; 6, 290-306; 11, 259, 313; 12, 91; 17, 115; 27, 137; early ascents, 1, 9, 10, 67, 68; 5, 193; origin of name, 11, 248; 12, 129; triangulation map, 2, 286; ill., 1, 66, 74, 78; 5, 184; 6, 290, 296, 304; 7, 6; 10, 447; 15, 1, 31, 34, 38, 39, 46, 47, 50; 17, 27; 23, 1, 14, 25, 30-31; 24, 30-31; see also Ritter Range

Ritter Lakes, ill., 23, 30-31

Ritter Pass, 23, 23

Ritter Pinnacles, 23, 27

Ritter Range, 8, 170-171; 15, 2; Banner-Ritter saddle, 23, 22; bibliography, 23, 22; Climber's Guide, 23, 30-32; map, 23, 30; passes, 23, 22-24; ill., 6, 290, 296, 304; 15, 31; 23, 30-31

River of No Return, see Salmon River (Idaho)

Rixford. Mt., 3, 149, 155, 158, 169; 7, 186; 12, 129; 18, 126; ill., 3, 145; 6, 102; 7, 183; 8, 16-17, 65, 71; 9, 160, 161; 10, 431; 26, 14-15

Rixon's Pinnacle (Yosemite Valley), 34, 148-149

Roads in national parks, high versus low standards, 34, 31-54; ill., 34, 34-35; see also Big Oak Flat Road; Kings Canyon Road; Tioga Road

Roaring River, 1, 189-190; 7, 71-73; 11, 314-315; map, 11, 128; ill., 1, 189; 6, 156; 8, 163, 167; 10, 183

Roaring River basin, 3, 167; 6, 119; map, 11, 128

Roaring River Falls, ill., 29, 46-47

Roaring River Gorge, 11, 314-315

Robin, Western (Planesticus migratorius propinquus), 6, 245; 8, 118-119

Robson, Mt. (Canada), 10, 269-275; 13, 1-3; first ascent, 1913, 10, 270; 13, 2; 14, 14; ascents, 10, 270; 14, 13-19, 32-33; bibliography, 13, 3, 9; origin of name, 14, 32; ill., 10, 269, 272, 273, 277; 13, 4; 14, I, 14, 15, 18, 19, 26, 27, 35, 38, 39, 86, 94

Robson Cirque, ill., 14, 35

Robson Glacier, ill., 14, 27, 38, 39

Rock climbing, see Climbing and mountaineering

Rock Creek, 1, 178; 12, 129; ill., 32, 30-31

Rock Island Lake, 1, 178; 12, 129; ill., 11, 254

Rock-rabbit, see Cony

Rocky Mountain National Park (Colorado), 3, 189-199; 7, 234-236; 9, 113; 10, 100, 101-102, 250, 365, 477; ill., 9, 81, 113; see also Bear Lake; Big Thompson River; Fern Lake; Glacier Gorge; Hallett Glacier; Longs Peak; Moraine Park; Olympus, Mt.; Willow Park

Rocky Mountains, 3, 189-199; see also Rocky Mountain N. P.

Rocky Point, 25, 112

Rodgers Lake, 12, 129; 17, 4; ill., 7, 151; 8, 153; 9, 257; 11, 255

Rodgers Peak, 12, 129; 20, 110-111; ill., 11, 10; 17, 23, 26; 20, 31

Roosevelt National Park, see Kings Canyon National Park

" Roosevelt-Sequoia National Park" proposed, 10, 431-433; 11, 6, 29-33, 40-41, 2)6, 301-302, 306, 323-324, 428-429, 442; 12, 186, 298; 26, 42-58; water-power sites, 11, 441-446; see also Kings Canyon N. P .-water-power sites

Rope, Climbing, 31, 77-85

Rope technique in climbing, 7, 175-176; 16, 67-88; 19, 28-30; 25, 44, 77, 79, 81, 96-101; 27, 69-72; belaying the leader, 31, 68-100; see also Belaying; Rappel Roping down, see Rappel

Rose, Mt., 4, 224-226; 8, 250-259; meteorological observatory, 6, 177-185; ill., 4, 224; 6, 177, 180, 182, 184; 8, 250, 251

Rose Lake, 12, 130

Rostrum, 27, 134

Rosy Finch, see Finch, Rosy

Rothorn (Switzerland), ill., 6, 78

Rowell Meadow, 6, 154; 12, 130

Royal Arches, 12, 130; 21, 97-98; 22, 108; 23, 117; 25, 60; ill., 3, 43; 8, 132

Royce Peak, 17, 123-124

Rubicon Springs, 1, 318; 2, 56

Rundle, Mt., ill., 28, 78-79

Rush Creek, 1, 65; ill., 9, 253

Ruskin, Mt., 12, 130

Russell, Mt., 12, 130; 26, 110-111; first ascent, 1926, 12, 382-384; 26, 110; ascents, 13, 86; 14, 86; 17, 121; 18, 128; 21, 100; ill., 12, 384; 13, 88, 89; 22, 14-15

Rutherford Lake, 12, 130

Ruwenzori Range (Africa), 6, 207; ill., 31, 14-15

Ryekrisp, 7, 196

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S

Sabrina, Lake, 12, 130

Sacramento River, 1, 54-59

Saddle trips, see Sierra Club-Saddle Trip

Saddlebag Lake, 3, 323; ill., 3, 323; 11, 250

Saddlehorn, 25, 121

Sadler Lake and Peak, 12, 130

Sadlier, see Sadler

Safety in climbing, 21, 94; 27, 65-78; see also Climbing and mountaineering-Accidents and fatalities

Saguaro cactus, ill., 30, 46-47

Saguaro National Monument (Arizona), 9, 317; Saguaro cactus, ill., 30, 46-47; see also Papago Saguaro Nat'l Monument

St. Elias, Mt., first ascent (1897), 2, 129-148; second ascent, 32, 63-70; map, 2, 136; ill., 2, 144; 32, 62-63, 70

St. Elmo lights, 17, 107

St. Helens, Mt. (Oregon), 7, 170-179; first ascent, 1853, 19, 58; ill., 7, 170

St. Mary Lake (Glacier N.P.), ill., 7, 227; 12, 1, 44

Salix, see Willow

Salmon Alps, 11, 368--373; ill., 11, 366, 367, 370, 371, 374, 375; see also Trinity Alps

Salmon River (Idaho), 26, 78--81

Salmon-Trinity Alps, see Salmon Alps; Trinity Alps

Salmon-Trinity Alps Primitive Area, 18, 29

Salt and alkaline lakes, 3, 71-74

Salvador, 4, 269

San Antonio, Mt., 5, 122-132; 11, 49-51; 12, 313-314; 25, 69-70; Bighorn sheep, 23, 98; ski lodge, 21, 83-84; skiing, 19, 43; ill., 5, 122; 11, 52; 12, 191

San Bernardino Mountains, 12; 314-316; 25, 70-71; 31, 116-117; ill., 11, 52

San Bernardino Peak, 16, 106

San Diego Mountains, 31, 117

San Felipe Desert (Mexico), ill., 18, 58

San Francisco Bay region map, 13, 56

San Francisco Peaks (Arizona), 5, 108--114; ill., 5, 108

San Gabriel Range, 11, 50; 25, 70; 31, 116; ill., 11, 52-53

San Gorgonia, Mt., 11, 52-54; 16, 107; 17, 106; 25, 70; Winter, 17, 121-123; 19, 45-47; 20, 112; ill., 11, 53; 19, 47

San Gorgonio Pass, 11, 348-349

San Jacinto, Mt., 11, 54-55, 348-356; 19, 47; 25, 71; ascents, 10, 332-334; 18, 134-135; effort to save, 12, 313-315; game refuge, 12, 190; 13, 74; ill., 10, 332; 11, 351

San Jacinto Range, 31, 117

San Joaquin Company, 24, 76, 100

San Joaquin Dome, 10, 71

San Joaquin Mountain, ill., 15, 51

San Joaquin River, 12, 131; Middle Fork, 8, 170; ill., 15, 51; North Fork, 1, 61-84; ill., 9, 253; South Fork, 1, 225; 2, 249-262; 10, 292-297; map, 5, 229; ill., 10, 344; 11, 136

San Joaquin Valley map, 26, 30

San J uan River (Utah), 24, 69; 30, 63-67; ill., 30, 62-63

San Marcos Pass (Guatemala), 4, 267-268

San Marcos Range, 13, 56; see also Sierra Nevada

San Pedro Martir, see Sierra San Pedro Martir

Sandpiper, Spotted (Actitis macularius), 6, 247

Santa Ana Mountains, 31, 117

Santa Barbara Range, 31, 115-116

Santa Cruz Mountains, 4, 276; fire of 1904, 5, 265-266

Santa Rosa Mountains, 31, 117

Santa Rosita, ill., 28, 78-79

Saranbid, Mt. (Ceylon), 19, 91

Sarcodes, see Snow-plant

Sardine Lake, 12, 131

" Sarvis" bush, see Service bush

Sastise Mountain, see Shasta, Mt.

Saurian Crest, 12, 131; 27, It6; ill., 8, 157; 27, 78, 79

Save-the-Redwoods League, 11, I, 87, 302, 327; 12, 308-309, 421-422; 25, 106-107

Sawblade, 22, 56

Sawmill Pass, 11, 421

Sawtooth Mountain (Trinity Alps), 21, 94-95; ill., 21, 14-15

Saw-Tooth Mountains, see Palisades

Sawtooth Peak, 4, 302; 12, 131; ill., 7, 101, 103; 9, 20; 10, 171; 11, 410--411; 13, 21

Sawtooth Ridge (Yosemite N. P.), 19, 31-33; 20, 39, 46-49; ascents, 3, 159-163; 17, 6, 113-114; 18, 134; 19, 31-98; 20, 46-49, 76, 105-106; 31, 117-118; Climber's Guide, 22, 50-57; ill., 3, 119; 19, 46-47; 20, 110-111; 22, 52; see also Matterhorn Peak; Three Teeth Scaffold Meadow, 6, 156

Scarper Peak, 4, 243-Z45 S

Scenery, 7, 64-69, 199-201; 29, 61-66; 30, 47-50; 33, 48-59

Schofield Peak, 12, 131

Scimitar Glacier (Canada), ill., 33, 6-7

Scottish Mountaineering Club, 1, 339; 6, 131

Scylla, 12, 131; 27, 88, 103, 104; ill., 12, 12, 17

Sea lion, California, 33, 13

Searles Lake, 17, 72; 24, 93

Seattle ; Mt. (Olympic N. P.), ill., 9, 151

Seattle Mountaineers, see Mountaineers Club of Seattle

Seavey Pass, 12, 131; ill., 12, 57

Sebrina, Lake, see Sabrina, Lake

Secretary of the Interior, reports, 8, 58-63; 9, 66-67; 10, 101-108

Selden Pass, 11, 41-42; 12, 131; 24, 23; ill., 11, 40; 24, 30-31

Seldon Pass, see Selden Pass

Selkirks (Canada), 8, 51; 9, 240-246; ill., 9, 240, 241, 244-246; 23, 110-111; see also Bruce, Mt.; Hermit Group; J umbo; Maye, Lake; Sir Donald, Mt.; Starbird Glacier

Senger, Mt., 12, 132; 16, 103

Sentinel, Mt. (Washington), 22, 77

Sentinel Dome, 3, 27-28; 12, 132

Sentinel Rock, 12, 132; 22, 107; 25, 51-52; 26, 136; 31, 119; 34, 147-148; ill., 3, 35; 11, 410; 29, 1

Sequoia, 2, 170; nomenclature, 18, 116-118; see also Metasequoia; Sequoia gigantea; Sequoia sempervirens

Sequoia gigantea (Big Tree), 2, 171-172; 4, 293, 295-296; 26, 3; avalanche in a Sequoia N. P. grove, 18, 118-120; conservation, 11, 1-4; discovery, 1833, 27, 46; McKinley Grove, 10, 296; nomenclature, 18, 116-118; Placer County grove, 1, 17-22; seedlings, 8, 291; Yosemite Valley planting, 1913, 9, 201-203; ill., 2, 170; 9, 110-111; 11, 414; 12, 213, 236, 308, 400, 401; 13, 16; see also Calaveras Big Tree grove; Giant Forest; McKinley grove.

Sequoia Lake, 26, 10

Sequoia National Forest, 12, 132

Sequoia National Park, 3, 264, 265; 8, 57-58, 220; 9, 319; 10, 98, 249, 368, 477; 11, 10, 217, 323-324; animals, 8, 57; avalanche, 18, 118-120; Barbour Bill, 11, 433, 441-443; 12, 409; 26, 49-51; Elston Bill, 26, 47-49; enlargement, 8, 58, 207, 220-221, 280-281; 10, 249, 352-356, 360, 431-433; 11, 6-7, 10, 216-217, 323-324; 12, 76-77, 331-332, 408-.409; 26, 53; map, 8, 220; 12, 216; established, 1890, 16, 21; 17, 51-52; 26, 43; fishing, 8, 57; Flint Bill, 12, 132; 26, 46; Giant Forest, ill., 12, 213; improvements proposed, 8, 225; legislative history, 11, 216; 12, 132; 26, 42-58; origin of name, 12, 132; Phelan Bill, 26, 47-49; trails and roads, 9, 319; 16, 97; 25, 109-110; Vandever Bill, 16, 21; 26, 43; see also General Grant N. P.; Kings Canyon N. P.; " Roosevelt-Sequoia N. P."

Sequoia sempervirens (Coast Redwood), 2, 170-171, 244-245; 11, 1-4, 328-329; 12, 45, 99-100; forestry, 11, 328-329, 451; 12, 99-100; Monterey County, 12, 190-191; Schwarz gift, 1924, 12, 198-199; ill., 3, 200, 202; 6, 285-287; 11, I, 4, 5, 8, 303, 311; 16, 34, 35; 25, 102-103; see also Dyerville-Bull Creek Redwoods; Muir Woods National Monument; Save -the -Redwoods League; see also California State Parks for list of Redwoods State Parks

Sequoia Waskingtoniana, see Sequoia gigantea

Serac, ill., 14, 39; see also Glaciers and glaciation

Serra, Mt. (Canada), 33, 9, 126-127

Serpentine Glacier (Alaska), ill., 10, 394

Service bush, 6, 161

Seven Gables, 11, 205-206; 12, 132; first ascent and naming, 1894, 1, 230; 11, 205-206; 12, 132; ascents, 2, 253; 10, 293; 11, 206; ill., 10, 104; 12, 181; 15, 22; 24, 31

Sewellel, see Beaver, Mountain

Shadow Creek, ill., 23, 31; 24, 30-31

Shadow Lake, ill., 10, 447; 15, 31, 34, 51; 24, 30-31

Shadow Lake trail, ill., 15, 35

Shand, Mt. (Canada), 33, 125

Sharktooth Peak, 12, 132

Shasta, Mt., 2, 205-215, 242; 12, 193, :, 252-267; first ascent, 1854, 12, 254; I, 19, 58; ascent by John Muir, 27, 130; r ascents, 12, 254; 18, 128-130; 19, 58-70; 20, 111; 27, 23-29; bibliography, 27, 29-30; botanical ascents, 27, 23-29; elevation, 6, 11; 9, 190; 12, 258-259; 19.68; geology, 12, 261; history, 12, 252-262; 19, 58-70; 27, 23-29; meteorological observatory, 6, 7-14; mountaineering, 12, 259; names, 12, 253; natural history, 12, 263-267; poem, 11, 13; record ascents, 12, 260; 27, 130-131; routes, 2, 240-243; shelter lodge, see Shasta Alpine Lodge; summit monument, 12, 257; timberline traverse, 14, 91-96; Winter ascent, 18, 128-130; ill., 2, 205, 211; 12, 252, 253, 260; 17, 50, 51

Shasta Alpine Lodge, 11, 433, 438-440; 12, 83-85, 187-188, 414-415; 13, 71-72; 14, 76-77; 15, 104-105; 16, 95-96; 17, 100-101; 18, 106-107; 19, 78-79; 20, 100; 21, 81; ill., 11, 438

Shasta Butte, see Shasta, Mt.

Shasta National Forest, 7, 206-207

Shaste, see Shasta

Shastl, see Shasta

Sheep, Mountain, see Bighorn sheep

Sheep grazing and sheep herders, see Grazing and pasturage

Sheep Mountain, 25, 125; see also Langley, Mt.

Shepard, see Shepherd

Shepherd Creek, 12, 133; ill., 10, 159, 199

Shepherd Crest, ill., 10, 288; " Little Lost Valley, " 18, 68-80; 34, 85-86; ascents, 19, 99; 22, 111; map, 18, 69; 34, 84; ill., 18, 70, 71; 34, 86

Shepherd Pass, 12, 133

Sherbrooke Lake (Canada), 8, 185-192; ill., 8, 189

Sheridan, Mt. (Yellowstone N. P.), ill., 12, 269, 372

Shiprock, (New Mexico), 23, 114-115; first ascent, 1939, 25, 1-7; ill., 25, 1, 14-15

Shoes, see Camping: Boots

Shorty's Well, 24, 83, 103

Shoshone Lake (Yellowstone N. P .), 12, 271

Shrew, 12, 344

Shrubs, see Trees and shrubs

Shuksan, Mt. (Washington), ill., 28, 78

Sialia, see Bluebird

Sierra Blanca, see White Mountain (New Mexico)

Sierra Club: 10, 135-145; 20, 95-96; 22, 96-97; achievements, activities, 5, 71-73; 8, 150; 10, 142-145, 211-212; 20, 95-96; 22, 96; archives, 15, 97-98; base camps: 1940, 26, 133-135; 1941, 27, 136-137; 1946, 32, 130-132; Bulletin, 10, 152-154; 11, 428; 13, 67; 21, 79; 28, 109; burro trips: 1938, 24, 31-39; 1939, 25, 122; 1940, 26, 131-133; by-laws, 6, 143-151; desert peaks section, 27, 137-138; local walks, 10, 335; charter members, 6, 152; conservation work, 14, 82-83; cups, 25, 64-67; directors and officers, 1892-1935, 21, 77-79; 1892-1943, 28, 105-108; 1892-1945, 30, 106-108; fish transplanting, see Trout planting; founding, 1892, 10, 139; 27, 28; 32, 108; " fourteen-thousand-foot" climb certificates, 21, 103-104; gifts and bequests, 10, 153; 11, 196; history, 10, 135-145, 211-212. 16, 1-15; " Hundred Peaks" goal, 34 115-117; knapsack trips, 1939, 25, 123-125; 1941, 27, 128-130; 1946, 32, 99-103; local walks, 5, 136; 10, 144; ill., 5, 136; meadow use, 33, 29-30; 34, 140-143; membership, 9, 289; 10, 323; 11, 87-88, 211; 1894, 1, 107-108; 1897, 2, 124-'-127; offices in MiIIs Building, 6, 316; officers: 1892-1935, 21, 77-79; 1892-1943, 28, 105-108; 1892-1945, 30, 106-108; origin, 12, 428; packers and packtrain, 24, 25-28; ill., 15, 38; 17, 114; 18, 6, 22; 24, 30-31; 26, 94-95; presidency, 10, 79; publications, 10, 152-154; 19, 109-110; 20, 96; 22, 97; 28, 109-110; 30, 109-110; purposes, 5, 71-73; 8, 150; 12, 77-78; 20, 95-96; records lost in fire of 1906, 6, 131-134; registers, 1, 337-338; 2, l20-122; 23, 117; ill., 12, 157; saddle trips, 1939, 25, 21-25; 1948, 34, 130-137; seal, 10, 142; Soda Springs property, 8, 272-274; 9, 36-39; 10, 144, 359-360; map, 9, 37; ill., 9, 36, 224, 225; 17, 115; song, 15, 26; stove, 16, 4-'-5; twenty-fifth anniversary, 10, 211-212; in World War 1 (children's fund, 10, 360-361; honor roll, 10, 447-449; war service letters, 10, 450-475; war service record, 10, 320-321; 11, 106); in World War II (correspondence from members, 28, 54-'-70; 29, 1-35, 46-47; 30, . 1-43; GI climbs in the Alps, 30, 79-85; harvest camps, 29, 9091; war service record, 31, 102-111); Yosemite and the Sierra Club: 23, 11-19; 9, 297-298; Yosemite Valley headquarters, 2, 239-240; 4, 61; 10, 142-143; Lodge, ill., 10, 142; 29, 46-47

Sierra Club annual outings (or High Trips); 3, 250-253; 7, 259-260; 10, 143, 152-153; 12, 373-375; 22, 97; 33, 19-30; camps, ill., 13, 92; 15, 39; 23, 110-111; 24, 30-31; campfires, 25, 19; ill., 12, 25; 22, 62-63; 25, 14-15; 27, I; 32, 30-31; Comments and impressions: Appalachian's, 12, 377-381; Britisher's, 15, 22-25; Easterner's, 24, 16-24; Freshman's, 24, 16-24; Leader's, 33, 19-30; memories of twenty-nine years, 16, 1-15; packer's, 24, 25-28; Sierra Club cups, 25, 64-67; Sierra sounds, 30, 44-47; social aspects, 5, 221-228; food and commissary, 16, 5-9; 25, 15-16; ill., 11, 209; 12, 373; 24, 30-31; grazing and meadow use, 32, 59-60; 33, 29-30; 34, 140-143 Articles on outings: 12, 374; 1901 first annual outing-Yosemite National Park), 3, 250-253; 4, 12-24, 60-61; 16, 1-3; 1902 (Kings River Canyon and Mt. Brewer), 4, 62-63, 185-192, 236, 278-284, 292-300, 314-317; 16, 3; ill., 12, 376; 1903 (Kern River and Mt. Whitney), 4, 236-238; 5, 50-65, 74-75; bibliography, 5, 257; 1904 (Yosemite National Park), .5, 221-228, 240, 258; bibliography, 5, 258; 1905 (Mts. Rainier, Hood and Shasta), 6, 1-6, 50-51; 1906 (South Fork, Kings River), 6, 100-107; 1907 (Yosemite National Park and Mt. Rainier), 6, 235-243, 255-257, 261-262; 7,, 85-98; 1908 (Kern River and Mt. Whitney), 7, 23-32, 61-62, 99-104; fatality, 7, 62, 63; 1909 (Yosemite National Park and Mt. Ritter), 7, 85-98, 149-152, 189-190; 1910 (South Fork, Kings River), 8, 10-17, 49-50; ill., 8, 48; 1911 (Yosemite National Park), 8, 151-157, 208; 1912 (Kern River and Cottonwood Lakes), 9, 16-27, 48-49; 1913 (South and Middle Forks of Kings River), 9, 159-164, 179-181; 1914 (Yosemite National Park and Mt. Ritter), 9, 247-Sierra Club annual outings (cont.) 257, 258-260, 292-293; ill., 9, 293; 1915 (Yosemite National Park and Devils Postpile), 9, 293-294; 10, 82-83; 1916 (Kern River Canyon and Bubbs Creek), 10, 170-178, 217-219; 1917 (Yosemite National Park), 10, 287-291, 328-329; 1919 (Yosemite National Park and Mt. Ritter), 11, 7, 14-20; 1920 (South Fork, San Joaquin River and Middle Fork, Kings River), 11, 136-150, 199-201; ill., 11, 209; 1921 (Yosemite National Park and Mt. Ritter), 11, 255-260, 307-308; 1922 (Kern River Canyon and Kings River Canyon), 11, 433-435; 1923 (Yosemite National Park), 12, 21-27, 82-83; ill., 12, 25; 1924 (Glacier National Park), 12, 115-120, 156-157, 158-162; 1925 (South and Middle Forks, Kings River and South Fork, San Joaquin River), 12, 213-223; 1926 (Yellowstone National Park), 12, 268-276, 333-355, 377-381; 1927 (Kern River and Roaring River), 13, 10-16; ill., 13, 32, 92; 1928 (Canada: Jasper Park, the Ramparts and Mt. Robson), 14, 1-12; ill., 14, 10; 1929 (South, Middle and North Forks, San Joaquin River), 15, 9-25; ill., 15, 22-25, 38, 39; 1930 (South Fork, San Joaquin River and Middle Fork, Kings River), 16, 11-15; 1931 (Yosemite National Park), 17, 1-24; ill., 17, 122; 1932 (Giant Forest, Bubbs Creek and Kern River), 18, 5-19; 1933 (South Fork, San Joaquin River and Middle Fork, Kings River), 19, 1-14; 1934 (Yosemite National Park), 20, 32-45, 48; 1935 (South Fork, Kings River), 21, 35-39, 86-87, 91-94; 1936 (Kern River), 22, 58-68, 104-106; ill., 22, 62-63; 1937 (Glacier National Park), 23, 102; ill., 23, 110-111; 1938 (North and South Forks, San Joaquin River), 24, 1-28; ill., 24, 30-31; 1939 (South Fork, San Joaquin River and Middle Fork, Kings River), 25, 8-20, 120-122; 1940 (South Fork, Kings and Kern River, 26, 16-24, 127-131; ill., 26, 94-95; 1941 (Yosemite National Park, 27, 1-13, 125-127; 1946 (Kern River, South and Middle Forks, Kings River and South Fork, San Joaquin River), 32, 19-30; 1947 (North, Middle and South Forks, San Joaquin River), 33, 19-30; 1948 (South Fork, l< ings River), 34, 1-14

Sierra Club chapters: Loma Prieta, 19, 76, 78; Riverside, 18, 106; 19, 77-78; 24, 124; San Francisco Bay, 1924, 12, 189-190; 1925, 12, 312-313; 1926, 12, 426; 1927, 13, 73; 1928, 14, 74; 1929, 15, 102-103; 1930, 16, 94-95; 1931, 17, 99-100; 1932, 18, 104-105-; 1933, 19, 75-76; rock climbing section, 19, 28-30; 24, 127-128; Southern California: 1913, 9, 181; 1914, 9, 295; 1917, 10, 332-336; 1921, 11, 223; 1922, 11, 437-438, 449; 1923, 12, 86-87; 1924, 12, 190-192; 1925, 12, 313-316; 1926, 12, 426-427; 1927, 13, 74; 1928, 14, 75-76; 1929, 15, 102; 1931, 17, 98-99; 1932, 18, 105-106, 133; 1933, 19, 76-77; 1938, 24, 124-125; beginnings, 5, 126; founding, 8, 209; 10, 144

Sierra Club lodges and shelters, 20, 95-96; 22, 96-97; see also Aurelia Harwood Memorial Lodge; Clair Tappaan Memorial Lodge; J ohn Muir Memorial Shelter; LeConte Memorial Lodge; Muir Lodge; Parsons Memorial Lodge; San Antonio, Mt.-Ski Lodge; Shasta Alpine Lodge

Sierra del Pongo (Brazil), 18, 94

Sierra Forest Reservation, 1, 254-267, 284

Sierra Madre (Southern California), see San Gabriel Range

Sierra National Forest, 1, 254-267; 12, 133

Sierra Nevada: administration, 23, 91; animal life, 10, 240; 17, 12-24; 21, 86-88; 27, 14-22; 33, 11-18; see also Animals; bibliography, 15, 94-95; 28, 51-53; biology of wilderness protection, 27, 14-22; birds, 4, 132-145; 5, 262-263; 6, 245-254; 8, 118-124; 8, 158-162; 17, 21-24; see also Birds; butterflies, 9, 85-94, 99-101; 21, 88-89; collecting, 18, 47-55; see also Butterflies; camping, see Camping; campsites, 23, 90; changes, 15, 27-36; chipmunks, 10, 401-413; comparisons: Alps, 14, 85-86; 22, 1; Glacier National Park, 12; 111-114; Rocky Mountains of Colorado, 3, 189-190; conservation, see Conservation; crest traversed, 1895, 1, 314-324; 22, 101-102; 1939, 25, 129-130; crest-lines, see Crest-lines; cross-section diagram, 22, 4, 18; description, 10, 285; 15, 1-2; 16, 27-28; discovery, 13, 54-61; early explorations, 10, 135-137; 11, 375-379; earthquake, 10, 20; eastern slope, 13, 31-35; 21, 54-59; 33, 41-45; ill., 22, 110; 25, 15; Easterner's impressions, 12, 377-381; elevation of peaks over 12, -000 ft., 4, 290-291; endurance records, 23, 110-111; 26, 143; fish, 27, 16; flora, 6, 158-174; 11, 147-153; 26, 67-71; 33, 43-45; see also Trees and shrubs; Wild flowers; J ohn Fremont in the Sierra Nevada, 11, 152-153; 15, 74-95; fungi, see Puffball; geology, 4, 292-293; 15, 1-8; see also Geological studies; Glaciers and glaciation; glaciers, see Glaciers and glaciation; grazing, 23, 90; see also Grazing and pasturage; history of explorations (10, 135-137; 11, 244-254; Fremont, John, 11, 152-153; 15, 74-95; Smith, Jedediah, 11, 375-379; 26, 30; 28, 36-53; Spanish, 13, 54-61; Walker, Capt. J 0-seph R., 9, 165-169; 11, 152-153; 12,, .141-142; 27, 35-49); Indians, 6, 258-259; 10, 202-209; 11, 375; 12, 49, 385-400; see also Indians; insects, 9, 268-270; lakes, 3, 122; life zones, 1, 259-262; 3, 298-312; 4, 133-134; chart, 3, 301; maps by LeConte and Solomons, 1, 335-336; 4, 311; 7, 134; mining, see Mining history east of Yosemite; natural history course, 11, 105-106; nomenclature, 13, 66-67; 25, 39-40; 28, 41; see also Place names; northern Sierra, 1, 316-324; 2, 194-196; origin of name, 12, 133; 13, 54, 55; Owens Valley ascents, 13, 31-35; passes, 27, 59-64; photographs from Mt. Hamilton, 11, 408-412; ill., 11, 410-411; 12, 181; place names, see Place names; recreational values, 23, 85-96; reforestation, 3, 224-229; see also Reforestation; roads, 15, 33-34; skiing, see Skiing and ski-mountaineering; sky-line, ill., 22, 30-31; Jedediah Smith's first crossing, 11, 375-379; 15, 75; 26, 30; route, 28, 36-53; snowfall, 6, 310-314; 15, 6~73; 34, 55-67; see also Snowfall in the Sierra Nevada; soil formation, 11, 6~85; sounds, 30, 44-46; summit formation, 11, 181-193; Telescope Peak view of Sierra Nevada, ill., 27, 7& -79; trails, 15, 31-33; 23, 86-90; 26', 123-125; see also Trails; trees, 1, 259-262, 282-283; 2, 61-78, 156-173; 3, 298-312; 4, 100-131, 154, 29& -299; see also Trees and shrubs; wagon trips, 3, 210-217; Capt. Joseph R. Walker's explorations, 9, 165-169; 11, 152-153; 12, 141-142; 15, 75; 27, 35-49; wilderness areas, 23, 93-96; see also Wilderness areas and wilderness preservation; Winter, 3, 11~126, 242-24~; 4, 64-66, 156-159, 216-227; 7, 105-118, 237-242; 8, 249-259; 15, 69-73, 97-98; weather records, 15, 72-73; see also Sierra Nevada-SnowfalI; zones, see Sierra Nevada-Life zones; illustrations, see Sierra Nevada-Photographs from Mt. Hamilton

Sierra Point, 2, 216-221; 25, 43

Sierra Puffball, see Puffball, Sierra

Sierra San Pedro Martir (Mexico), 18, 56-62; ill., 18, 55, 58, 59, 62

Sierraville ski tour, 31, 10-14

Sill, Mt., 24, 53-54; first ascent, and naming, 1903, 5, 3, 13; 12, 133; 19, 24; 24, 42, 53; ascents, 12, 221; 13, 87; 16, 105; 23, 34-35, 104; traverse to North Palisade, 16, 105; !9, 25-26, 95; 20, 73; ill., 5, 11, 15; 10, 223; 11, 267; 12, 64, 304; 19, 94-95; 21, 30-31; 23, 62-63

Silliman, Mt., 12, 133

Silver Creek, 12, 133

Silver Lake, 1, 320-321

Silver Mountain (Washington), ill., 22, 94-95

Silver Pass, 11, 44-45; 12, 133; 24, 22-23; ill., 11, 41; 15, 22; 24, 30-31; 33, 30; 34, 14-15

Silver Peak, 12, 133

Silver Spray Falls, 12, 134

Silver Star, Mt. (Washington), 22, 75-77

Silversword (Argyroxiphium), 11, 237; ill., 11, 238

Silvertop (Montana), 12, 369

Simmons Peak, 12, 134

Simon Peak (Canada), 13, 5

Simpson Meadow, 4, 255; 9, 162; Tehipite Valley trail, 10, 225; ill., 6, 120; 8, 41; 10, 222; 11, 149; 12, 309

Simpson Peak, 21, 100

Sing Peak, 12, 134

Siniolchun ( Himalayas ), ill., 31, 14

Sir Donald, Mt. (Canada), 23, 104; ill., 23, 110-111

Sixty Lake Basin, 3, 139; map, 3, 136; ill., 21, 94--95; 26, 14--15; 32, 30-31

Sixty Lakes Pass, 27, 63

Skies, see Skis

Skiing and ski-mountaineering, 9, 271-273; 15, 64-68; 20, 1-19; Alps, 18, 113; Andes, 29, 77-81; ascents, see Mts. Clark, Lyell, Starr King, Whitney, Winchell, etc.; bibliography, 15, 68; 20, 5; Bishop Creek, 23, 36-39; ill., 23, 14--15; California (16, 39-43; 20, 1-7; ski terrain, 33, 97-102; airphotos, 33, 102-103); Camp Hale (Colorado), 28, 55-56, 59-60; Crater Lake, 10, 356-358; early history of skiing, 3, 125; 9, 200, 271-273; 10, 356-358; 15, 64--65; early illustrations of skiing (in Lapland, 23, 100-101; ill., 23, 62-63; Snowshoe Thompson, 20, 8-19; ill., 20, II, 17, 30-31; snow-skating, 1865, ill., 17, 123; ill., 9, 83, 272); east side of the Sierra Nevada, 21, 54--59; 23, 106-107; equipment: clothing, miscellaneous items, 20, 6; 22, 46-47; skis, 4, 312-313; 20, 5; 23, 37; sled, 3, 246; 5, 318-319; snowshoes, 4, 64-66; 5, 318; tent, 5, 319-320; 22, 39-42; 26, 90-94; see also Camping-Winter; Skis; Sled; Tent; Equipment Testing Expedition to Mt. McKinley, 1942, 28, 1-35; food, see Camping-food and commissary; games, 32, 11-14; lodges and cabins, 15, 98; 25, 116; see also Clair Tappaan Memorial Lodge; Pear Lake Ski Cabin; Peter Grubb Hut; Mazamas, 1913, 9, 200; Mineral King region, 34, 112-118; J ohn Muir, 3, 125; John Muir Trail, 15, 69-73; Palisades region, ill., 23, 62-63; photographs, see end of skiing and ski mountaineering section; pronunciation-" Skee" vs. " Shee, " 23, 98--99; Mt. Rainier N. P ., ill., 9, 83; safety precautions, 20, 6; Sierra Nevada, 11, 292-299; 15, 67, 69- 73; 16, 39-46; 18, 132-133; 19, 88-89; 20, 1-7; 21, 54-59, 104-106; 23, 36-45, 106-107; 26, 141-143; 31, 10-14; 32, 89-95, 134; 33; 97-102; 34, 112-118; ill., 9, 272; Sierraville, 31, 10-14; sites, 33, 97-102; Southern California, 19, 42-47; 25, 70-71; technique, 9, 271-272; see also Skiing and ski mountaineering-equipment; tests, 20, 4; Tioga Pass, 18, 132-133; ill., 15, 66; Trans-Sierra, 11, 292-299; 18, 132-133; Tuolumne Meadows, 21, 104-106; 32, 89-95, 134; ill., 16, 39, 42; waxes, 20, 6, 12; Mt. Whitney, 27, 127-128; Whitney Pass, 23, 106; Yosemite National Park, 16, 44-46; 19, 88-89; 21, 104-106; 26, 141-142; ski huts and trails, 25, 116; ski photographs and illustrations, 4, 312; 9, 83; 11, 294, 295; 15, 66, 67, 70, 71, 74, 75; 16, 38, 39, 42, 43, 46; 17, 123; 19, 47; 20, 11, 17, 30-31; 22, 94-95; 23, 14-15, 62-63; 26, 94-95; 27, 30-31; 28, 30-31; 33, 30-31; 34, 35; see also Skis

Skis: compared with snowshoes, 4, 65; construction, 4, 312-313; ill., 4, 312; selecting, 20, 5; 23, 37

Skyparlor Meadow, il113, 25

Sky pilot, see Polemonium

Sky-line Trail (Mt. Rainier N. P.}, ill., 6, 17

Slate valleys, 10, 62

Sled, 3, 246; 4, 216; 5, 318; ill., 5, 318

Slide Canyon, 1, 177, 332; map, 1, 177; ill., 11, 450

Slide Pass, 3, 141

Slippery Ford, 1, 320

Smedberg Lake, 12, 134; ill., 8, 208

Smith Meadow and Peak, 12, 134; Snag-tooth Ridge (Washington), ill., 22, 94-95

Snake River (Wyoming), ill., 30, 47

Snake-bite, 12, 171-172; 18, 42-46

Snow camping, see Camping-Snow, Winter; Skiing and ski mountaineering

Snow chutes, 22, 15

Snow Creek Falls, ill., 7, 168

Snow detail, ill., 18, 127; 26, 14-15

Snow Gulch, 3, 109

Snow Peak, 27, 125

Snow-bird, see Junco

Snow-brush (Ceanothus integerrimus), 3, 310

Snowfall in the Sierra Nevada, 6, 310-314; 15, 69-73; 16, 43; 34, 55-67; bibliography, 34, 67; charts, 6, 311-314; 34, 56, 62-63, 64

Snowpatch Spire (Canada), 24, 61; 26, 59-63; first ascent, 1940, 26, 62; 34, 68; ascent, 27, 123-125; ill., 24, 62-63; 26, 94-95

Snow-plant (Sarcodes sanguinea), 4, 13-14; 11, 147

Snowshoes, 4, 64-66; 5, 318; 17, 37-38; ill., 4, 65, 66

Snow-skating, 1865, ill., 17, 123

Snow-Tongue Pass, 5, 160

Snowy Range (Wyoming), 12, 283-288

Soda Creek poison meadows, 4, 213

Soda Springs, 3, 66-67; Merced Canyon, 6, 237, 292; 7, 44; Tuolumne Meadows, 3, 55; 10, 110-111; Chemical analysis, 10, 111-112; ill., 1, 136; 3, 55; 17, 115

Soda Springs property of Sierra Club, see Sierra Club-Soda Springs property

Soil flow (solifluction), 18, 72; 22, 17

Soil formation, 11, 69-85

Solifluction, see Soil flow

Solitaire, Townsend, 17, 22-23

Sorata, Mt. (Andes), 8, 278

Sotcher Lake, 12, 134

South Africa, 30, 92-94

South America, 7, -249-250; see also Andes

South America, Lake, 12, 134

South Dome, see Half Dome; Sentinel Dome

South Fork, see name of river

South Guard, 10, 230-231; 12, 134, 307; ill., 2, 20; 7, 187; 26, 94-95

South Kaweah, see Kaweah, Mt.

South Lyell Glacier, see Nevada Glacier

South Palisade, see Split Mountain

South Park Canyon, 24, 107

Southern California Conservation Association, 12, 94

Southern California mountains, 11, 49-55; 25, 68-72; mountains over 5000 feet, 31, 115-117

Southfork Pass, 24, 48

Spanish discovery and exploration, 13, 54-61

Sparrow, Chipping (Spizella passerina), 6, 252; White-crowned (Zonotrichia leucophrys), 4, 143; ill., 4, 142

Spectre of the Brocken, 22, 105; 28, 57

Spencer, Mt., 5, 234; 12, 134; 27, 87, 99; ill., 11, 137, 144, 279; 19, 14-15

Sphinx, 26, 131; ill., 21, 94-95; 26, 94-95

Spiller Creek, 1, 172-173; 12, 135

Spiller Lake, 12, 135

Spiraea, Desert (Chamaebatiaria millefolium), 9, 41-42

Spirit Lake (Washington), ill., 7, 170

Spizella, see Sparrow, Chipping

Split Mountain, 11, 314; 12, 135; first ascent, 1902, 4, 262; 11, 252, 314, 423; 12, 62; ascents, 11, 314, 423 : 19, 94; 23, 35; origin of name, 1, 309; 11, 423; 12, 62, 135; Winter, 26, 142; ill., 1, 309; 4, 253, 261; 11, 422; 15, 71; 25, 14-15

Split Pinnacle, 24, 129; 25, 58-59; 26, 139

Spray Park (Mt. Rainier N. P.), ill., 16, 63

Spruce, 2, 157-159; Big-cone (Pseudotsuga macrocarpa), 2, 162; Blue (Picea pungens), 2, 159; Columbian (Picea columbiana), 2, 158; Douglas (Pseudotsuga taxifolia), 2, 161; ill., 2, 156; Engelmann's (Picea Engelmanni), 2, 159; ill., 2, 160; Feather-cone (Exsertae), 2, 160; Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), 4, 299; Naked-cone (Inclusae), 2, 157-160; Tide-land (Picea sitchensis), 2, 157-158; Weeping (Picea breweriana), 2; 158; ill., 4, 51

Squirrel, 21, 87; Douglas, 8, 26; 10, 401, 405; Flying, 12, 342; 17, 19; Yellowstone N. P., 12, 341-342; Yosemite N. P., 17, 18-19; ill., 12, 105; see also Ground-squirrel

Stanfield Grazing Bill, 12, 298, 410

Stanford, Mt. (Kings-Kern Divide), 2, 22; 3, 156-157; first ascent and naming, 1896, 2, 94, 121; 3, 109; 12, 135; 26, 40; ascents, 17, 20

Stanford, Mt. (Mt. Goddard), 12, 135; 13, 81

Stanford Basin and Stanford Brook, 3, 110

Stanford Point, 31, 120

Stanley, Mt. (Ruwenzori Range, Africa), ill., 31, 14-15

Starbird GI.acier (Canada), 9, 243-244; ill., 9, 244

Starr, Mt., 32, 130

Starr King, Mt., 12, 135-136; 17, 115-118; 21, 96; 25, 53; first ascent, 1876, 12, 136; 17, 116; 25, 43, 53; ascents, 12, 136; 17, 115-118; origin of name, 12, 135; Winter, 23, 44, 117; 25, 53

State Parks Commission, see California

State Parks Commission

State Peak, 12, 136

Steer's head flower (Dicentra uniftora), 8, 266-269 : 26, 69 : ill., 8, 267, 268

Stefansson expedition, 1917, 10, 324

Stikine Glaciers (Alaska), 12, 121-125; ill., 12, 123

Stikine River (Alaska), 10, 347-349; 12, 121; ill., 12, 121, 122

Stiletto Needle (Canada), 33, 8-9, 127

Stiletto-Dentiform Ridge, 33, 1-10; ill., 33, 6-7

Stocking streams and lakes, see Trout planting

Stone's Peak (Colorado), ill., 3, 193, 195

Stove, 6, 3

Strawberry Lake area, ill., 33, 102-103

Strawberry Peak, 25, 128

Striped Mountain, 12, 136; ascent, 11, 422; origin of name, 1, 309; 11, 423 j ill., 11, 422

Strobus pines, 2, 65

Stuart's Fork (Trinity Alps), ill., 11, 367

Stubblefield Canyon, 1, 330-332; ill., 3, 161

Sugar Bowl, ill., 27, 30-31

Sugarloaf, 1, 188 : 12, 136; 22, 106; ill., 1, 188

SugarJoaf Creek and Meadows, 12, 136

Sun Dance Canyon, ill., 28, 78-79

Sunrise Mountain, 18, 134

Sunset Peak (Trinity Alps), 4, 49, 69; ill., 4, 41

Susanville, 2, 194-195

Swallow, Violet-green (Tachycineta thalassina), 4, 135-136

Swedish bread, see Ryekrisp

Sweet-scented shrub (Calycanthus occidentalis), 3, 305

Switzerland, 8, 289; 14, 85; see also Alps; Matterhorn; ObergabeJhorn; Rothorn; Weisshorn

Swift, White-throated (Aeronautes melanoleucus), 6, 251

Symmetry Spire (Grand Teton N. P.), 32, 129

top

T

Table Mountain, 7, 72-73; 12, 136; 13, 88; ill., 9, 48; 13, 29; 18, 126; 22, 14-15, 30-31

Table Mountain (Bishop Creek), 21, 103; 25, 126; ill., 23, 14-15

Table Mountain (Colorado), ill., 3, 196

Taboose Pass, 12, 136; ill., 8, 68

Tacoma, Mt., see Rainier, Mt.

Taft Point, 12, 136; 24, 129

Tahoe, Lake, 3, 96-100; knapsack trips, 1, 314-324; origin of name, 15, 87; Winter, 3, 119-126; 4, 216-227; 9, 274-277, ill., 8, 140, 141, 257; 9, 272, 274, 275; 25, 102-103

Tahoe Forest Reserve, 2, 321; National Park status proposed, 8, 141

Tahoe National Forest, 8, 291; ill., 27, 30-31

" Tahoe National Park" proposed, 8, 141

Tahoe Valley, ill., 25, 102-103

Tahoe-Yosemite trail, 10, 256, 374, 486

Tahoma, Mt., see Rainier, Mt.

Tahquitz National Game Preserve, 11, 353

Tahquitz Rock, 23, 111-112; .?5, 71

Tai Shan (China), 10, 165-169; ill., 10, 166

Tamalpais Conservation Club, 12, 311

Tamalpais State Park, 5, 85; 9, 185-188; 13, 79-80; Tamalpais National Park proposed, 8, 140-141; ill., 9, 185

Tamarack Flat, 12, 137

Tamarack Meadow, 3, 110

Tamarack pine, see Pine, Lodgepole

Tamrack pine, see Pine, Lodgepole

Tanager, Western (Piranga ludoviciana), 6, 246

Tappaan Lodge, see Clair Tappaan Memorial Lodge

Tar bush, see Mountain misery.

Tarn Erica, 3, 110

Tatoosh Range (Mt. Rainier N. P.), 6, 15-21; ill., 6, 15, 17, 18, 21; 9, 82, 83

Taxaceae (Yews), 4, 125-126

Taxodiae, 2, 63, 168-172

Taxodium, 18, 117-118; see also Sequoia

Taxus, see Yew

Taylor Act, 32, 38-42

Tehachipi Range, 31, 116

Tehipite Dome, 2, 47; 6, 119; 10, 354; 11, 142; elevation, 2, 284; origin of name, 12, 137; ill., 2, 44; 6, 115; 9, 49, 125, 146; 11, 173, 196; 20, 63; 29, 46-47

Tehipite Valley, 9, 125; 10, 352-356; 12, 137; map, 12, 127; route to Kings RiverCanyon, 2, 44-49, 106-110; map, 2, 49; Simpson Meadows trail, 10, 225; ill., 9, 7, 49, 75, 125

Telegraph Peak, ill., 19, 46-47

Telescope Peak (Death Valley), 10, 285; 24, ~1, 86; 27, 83-85; fi.rst ascent, 1860, 27, 84; ascents, 13, 36-39; 25, 125; 27, 84; ill., 27, 78-79

Tellot Glacier (Canada), ill., 33, 6-7

Tellot Peak (Canada), 33, 126

Tempest Peak, ill., 27, 3Q-, 31

Temple Crag, 9, 262; 13, 33; 24, 57; fi.rst ascent, 1909, 24, 57; ascents, 11, 312-313; 12, 420; 20, 73; North Peak, 26, 141; ill., 9, 1; 12, 64

Ten Lakes Basin, 12, 137; ill., 10, 329, 414, 415; 11, 20; 20, 62-Q3

Tenaces pines, 2, 74-75

Tenaya Canyon, 7, 153-169; 9, 127; 25, 49; early explorations, 7, 153-154; 9, 127; 10, 276-281; map, 9, 134; Mono Indian trail, 10, 278; traverses, 3, 23Q-, 235; 7, 153-169; 9, 126...133; 10, 276-281; 19, lor; 21, 96; ill., 7, 153, 168; 9, 126-132; 11, 101

Tenaya Creek, 12, 137

Tenaya Glacier, 3, 62; 10, 186-188

Tenaya Lake, 3, 52-53; 12, 137; Tuolumne Meadows trail, 25, 113; ill., 3, 53; 6, 225; 9, 147; 10, 487

Tenaya Lake Camp, 12, 42

Tenaya Peak, 3, 55; ill., 10, 487

Teneiya, see Tenaya

Tent, 5, 319-320; 22, 39-42; diagrams, 22, 39, 40, 41; sectional tent, 26, 9Q-, 94; diagrams, 26, 91, 92

Tenth Mountain Division, 30, 79-85; 31, 32-56 -

Terminales pines, 2, 67

Teton, Grand, see Grand Teton

Teton, Middle, see Middle Teton

Tetons (Grand Teton N. P.), 11, 162; 12, 360; 16, 49; 32, 102; ascents, 32, 101-103, 128-129, 133; 33, 121; ; U 11, 164, 165; 12, 356, 357, 360, 361; 30, 47; see also Grand Teton; Grand Teton National Park; Middle Teton

Tharp's Peak, see Alta Peak

Tharp's Rock, 12, 138

Thielsen, Mt. (Oregon), 20, 109

Third Needle, 26, 114; 34, 145

Thomomys, see Gopher

Thompson, Mt. (Evolution peaks), 27, 96-97; first ascent, 1909, 10, 440; 27, 96; origin of name, 12, 138; 27, 88; ill., 11, 275

Thompson Canyon, 1, 179; ill., 3, 161

Thompson Peak (Trinity Alps), 4, 68; 21, 95; ill., 11, 367; 21, 14-15

Thompson Ridge, ill., 11, 275

Thor Peak, 23, 105; 26, 115

Thordyke's Canyon, see South Park Canyon

Thousand Island Lake, 8, 171; ill., 11, 16; 15, 58, 75; 24, 30-31

Three Brothers, 12, 138; 27, 132; ill., 23, 111; see also Brothers -Lower Brother, Middle Brother

Three Fingered Jack (Oregon), 20, 109; Ill., 3, 204; Three Patriarchs (Zion N. P.), ill., 10, 340

Three Sisters (Oregon), 8, 53-54; ill., 3, 204

Three Teeth (Yosemite N. P.), 19, 31-33; 20, 47-48; 22, 54-56; 27, 126-127; ill., 19, 46-47; 22, 52; see also Sawtooth Ridge

Thrush, Sierra Hermit (Hylochichla guttata, 4, 37-38; 6, 250; 8, 161; ill., 8, 159

Thumb (Mt. Hoffman), see Hoffman, Mt.-The " Thumb"

Thumb, The (Palisade Creek), 11, 271-274; 24, 56.

Thunder Mountain, 12, 13& ; 13, 88; 18, 127; 26, 135

Thunderbolt Peak, 17, 125; 19, 95; 24, 51; 32, 130; ill., 23, 62-63

Thuya, 4, 101, 102; see also Arbor-vitae

Tiedemann, Mt. and Tiedemann group (Canada), ill., 33, 6-7

Tilden Lake, 8, 155; ill., 8, 157; 27, 78, 79

Timber exchanges, 9, 177-178, 206-207, 211, 316; 10, 106; 11, 329-330

Timber-line forest, ill., 10, 158 " " '-

Tinemaha Mountain, 23, 10'}---

Tioga Mine, 3, 322; 13, 44

Tioga Pass, 12, 138; winter, 18, 132-133; 32, 90--91

Tioga Road (Yosemite N. P .), 8, 132; 10, 97; 12, 138; 34, 37, 38; improvement, 34, 50--54; Leevining Grade, 7, 195; relocation, 19, 85-88; standards, 34, 37, 38, 50--54; ill., 34, 34-35

Tirek (Caucasus), 2, 295, 297

Toluca, see Nevado de Toluca

Tom, Mt., 12, 420; 13, 35

Tonquin Pass (Canada), ill., 13, 5

Tonquin Valley (Canada), 13, 1-9; bibliography, 13, 9

Tooth, East; Middle; West, see Three Teeth

Topocobya Canyon (Arizona), 4, 81

Topographic maps, 10, 238

Totem pole drawings by John Muir, 10, 41, 61

Tower Peak, 2, 282; 8, 155; 27, 126; first ascent, 1870, 12, 419; ill., 2, 282; 3, 161; 8, 155, 157; 27, 78, 79

Tower Rock (Kern River), ill., 5, 60; 10, 423

Towhee, Green-tailed, 6, 252

Towne's Pass, 24, 81-82, 90

Townsend Solitaire, see Solitaire, Townsend

Toyon conservation, 11, 97-98

Trail building, improvement and maintenance, 2, 110; 9, 49; 10, 336; 26, 123-125; 31, 57-67; diagrams and drawings, 15, 43, 44; 31, 57-67; see also Trails and trail systems

Trails and trail systems, 23, 86-90; 25, 108-116; see also Wilderness areas and wilderness preservation-Trails

Tre Cime di Lavaredo (Dolomites), 30, 80--81

Trees and shrubs: Kings River region, 4, 298-300; Redding to Trinity Mountains, 4, 39-58; zonal distribution, 3, 298-312; see also Conifers of the Pacific Slope; Plants; see also Arbor-vitae; Ash; Aspen; Big tree; Bryanthus; Buckeye; Buckthorn; Button bush; Cactus; Cedar; Chemisal; Christmas trees; Cryptomeria; Cypress; Dogwood; Eucalyptus; Fir, Fremontia. " Grizzly Giant" ; " Guardian of the Grove" ; Hemlock; Ironwood; Joshua tree; Juniper; Kit Carson tree; Larch; Lightning-struck tree; Live oak; Mahogany; Metasequoia; Mountain misery; Nutmeg; Oak; Palm; Pine; Poison Ivy and Oak; Poppy, Bush; Redbud; Redwood; Ribes velutinum; Saguaro cactus; Sequoia; Service bush; Spiraea; Spruce; Sweet-scented shrub; Toyon; Willow; Yerba Santa; Yew

Triangulation, 16, 99-100; map of Ritter-Whitney triangulation, 2, 286

Trident, The (Yellowstone), ill., 12, 365

Trinity Alps, 4, 39-58; 21, 12-21, 94, 95; bibliography, 21, 21; flora, 4, 53-58; record of ascents, 21, 95-96; routes and camps, 4, 67-69; ill., 4, 41; 11, 366, 367, 370, 371, 374, 375; 21, 14-15

Trinity County, 4, 66-69

Trinity National Forest, 4, 320-322

Triple Divide Peak, 11, 127-128; 18, 126; 22, 105; 26, 131; " Pass, " 8, 167; 10, 182; ill., 8, 167; 11, 120

Triple Falls (Cartridge Creek), 4, 257; ill., 9, 162-163; 29, 46-47

Triple Peak Falls, 6, 292-293

Trout, 9, 48; 21, 87; Golden, 7, 26, 195; 8, 165, 193-199, 215-216; 11, 398-399; coloration, 8, 68, 75, 166, 216; Cottonwood Creek, 8, 193-199; 9, 48; protection and preservation, 7, 52-53; varieties, 8, 196-197; Loch Leven, 7, 255; Nelson Rainbow, 18, 57

Trout planting, 6, 198; 7, 26, 50-52, 55-59, 252-257; 8, 64-75, 165, 215-216; 9, 308-310; Cottonwood Creek and Lakes, 8, 193-199; 9, 48; Gardiner Creek and Kings River, 7, 195, 252-254; Kern River region, 9, 48; report by W. E. Colby, 1908; 7, 50-54; Yosemite N. P., 7, 127, 198; 8, 222-223; ill., 7, 26, 252-257; 8, 66, 67, 69

Trout transportation, see Trout planting

Truckee Valley, ill., 11, 295

Tsashtl, see Shasta

Tsuga (Hemlock spruces), 2, 159; see also Hemlock; Spruce, Hemlock

Tucki Mountain, 24, 81, 88

Tueeulala Fall, 6, 212-214; 7, 152; ill., 7, 152, 260

Tulainyo Lake, 10, 231; 12, 139, 382

Tumbling Glacier (Canada), ill., 10, 269, 273; 14, 86, 87

Tumion, see Nutmeg

Tunemab Pass, 12, 139; 26, 38 : 27, 63

Tunemab Peak, 12, 139

Tunnabora Peak, 10, 231 : 12, 139; 26, 110

Tuolumne, Grand Canyon of the, 1, 9-16, 199-208; 2, 174-184; 5, 287-296; 6, 221-222; 7, 221; diagrams, 10, 69; 198; explorations, 1, 9-16, 199-208; 2, 50-52, 174-184; 4, 25-30; 6, 56-58, 238-243; 7, 216-217; 9, 258-260; 12, 65-74; 25, 37; geology, 1, 11; origin of name, 12, 139; rattlesnakes, 2, 182; 5, 295; trail, 11, 307; 12, 303; ill., 2, 50; 4, 31; 5, 290, 292; 6, 235, 241, 256; 7, 216-221; 8, 224; 9, 254-256, 258-261; 17, 82, 83, 86, 87; 20, 62; 27, 78-79; see also Hetch-Hetchy Valley; Muir Gorge; Pate Valley; see also Cathedral Creek -Falls; LeConte Fal1s; Tuolumne Falls; Waterwheel Fa11s

Tuolumne Falls, ill., 5, 290; 6, 256

Tuolumne Meadows, 1, 10-12; 3, 55-57; 5, 287; 6, 221; 7, 149-150; 8, 1-2; 11, 13-14, 21-28; 12, 41; 23, 96-98; origin of name, 12, 139; routes (Eleanor Lake, 1, 330-332; Hetch-Hetchy, 1, 332-333; Jackass Meadows, 1, 333-335; Yosemite Valley, 5, 314); Sierra Club property, see Sierra Club-Soda Springs property; skiing, 21, 104-106; 32, 89-95, 134; Soda Springs, 3, 55; 8, 272-274; 10, 110-112; trails, 25, 113-114; Winter, 21, 104-106; 32, 89-95, 134; Mt. Whitney in six days, 26, 143; ill., 1, 136; 3, 55; 4, 19; 6, 235; 7, 95, 149; 8, 1, 40, 151, 225; 9, 36, 224, 247, 252, 293; 10i 435, 446; 11, 411; 12, 32; 34, 35

Tuolumne Meadows Camp, 12, 41

Tuolumne Pass, 10, 477; ill., 16, 43, 46

Tuoluml1e Peak, ill., 23, 14-15

Tuolumne River, 12, 139; ill., 4, 19; 6, 235; 7, 69; 9, 254, 259; 17, 10; Lyell Fork, ill., 7, 94, 150; 10; 446; see also Tuolumne, Grand Canyon of the

" Turret, The" (Sierra Nevada), 3, 110

Turret, The (Yellowstone N. P; ), ill., 12, 341

Turret Peak (Canada), ill., 13, 8; 14, 6

Tuttle Pass, 26, 106

Twin Peaks, ill., 11, 423

Tyndall, Mt., 12, 140, 443-444; 26, 107; first ascent, 1864, 11, 252-253; 12, 140, 443-444; 14, 40; 26, 32, 103, 107; ascents, 1, 214-220; 11, 440; 25, 124; 26, 130; origin of name, 11, 252; 12, 140, 443-444; West Peak, 12, 107; ill., 1, 91; 10, 214; 18, 30

Tyndall Col, 26, 106

Typhoid fever vaccination, 12, 174

Tyrol, 12, 289-296


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